Thursday, August 1, 2013

1307.8342 (Joseph Kuchar et al.)

Electromagnetic self-force on a static charge in Schwarzschild-de Sitter

Joseph Kuchar, Eric Poisson, Ian Vega
We compute the self-force acting on an electric charge at rest in Schwarzschild-de Sitter spacetimes, allowing the cosmological constant to be either positive or negative. In the case of a positive cosmological constant, we show that the self-force is always positive, representing a repulsion from the black hole, and monotonically decreasing with increasing distance from the black hole. The spectrum of results is richer in the case of a negative cosmological constant. Here the self-force is not always positive --- it is negative when the black-hole and cosmological scales are comparable and the charge is close to the black hole --- and not always monotonically decreasing --- it is actually monotonically increasing when the cosmological scale is sufficiently small compared to the black-hole scale. The self-force also approaches a constant asymptotic value when the charge is moved to large cosmological distances; this feature can be explained in terms of an interaction between the charge and the conformal boundary at infinity, which acts as a grounded conductor.
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