Observational constraints on non-flat dynamical dark energy cosmological models    [PDF]

Omer Farooq, Data Mania, Bharat Ratra
We constrain two non-flat time-evolving dark energy cosmological models by using Hubble parameter data, Type Ia supernova apparent magnitude measurements, and baryonic acoustic oscillation peak length scale observations. The inclusion of space curvature as a free parameter in the analysis results in a significant broadening of the allowed range of values of the parameter that governs the time evolution of the dark energy density in these models. While consistent with the "standard" spatially-flat $\Lambda$CDM cosmological model, these data are also consistent with a range of mildly non-flat, slowly time-varying dark energy models. After marginalizing over all other parameters, these data require the averaged magnitude of the curvature density parameter $|\Omega_{k0}| \lesssim 0.15$ at 1$\sigma$ confidence.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0834